Botanical Name: Agave americana
Common Name: Century Plant  
Plant photo of: Agave americana
Previous Photo     Next Photo
  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range



Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Grey Green, Grey


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Very Low


Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Allergenic, Thorns/Spines

Design Styles

Mediterranean, Ranch, Seascape, Spanish


Accenting Features

Specimen, Unusual Shape


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Shrub Border, Foundation, Roadside, Walls / Fences, With Rocks


Special Uses

Container, Filler, Mass Planting, Naturalizing


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: George Hull MSN
Photographer: Mountain States Nursery
  • Description

  • Notes

This agave is fast growing to about 6-10' tall and 8-13' wide. Wide, gray leaves have stiff terminal spines and recurved teeth on margins. It prefers full sun and well-drained situations. It is prone to agave snout weevil which will eat the roots and leaves. After blooming, which could take several years, it will die but will send up new pups from around the base. Some people are allergic to the sap. Removal is difficult if unwanted. Water once a month during the summer.
Planting Instructions: 1. Dig a hole 2 times the width and 1 and 1/2 times the height of the container. 2. Set rootball just above ground level. 3. Mix soil with 25% amendment and %75 soil. 4. Backfill with amended soil. 5. Build basin and water.